ordinariates set up for groups of former Anglicans under the terms of the 2009 document Anglicanorum Coetibus 209 are permitted to use a variation of the Roman Rite called "Divine Worship" or, less formally, "Ordinariate. Pope Alexander VI had awarded colonial rights over most of the newly discovered lands to Spain and Portugal 320 and the ensuing patronato system allowed state authorities, not the Vatican, to control all clerical appointments in the new colonies. Travel and Living Abroad, 27 February 2012. These appointments were initially rejected by Rome, before many of them were accepted. 183 Within the general vocation to be a Christian, these two sacraments "consecrate to specific mission or vocation among the people of God. He does not deny the claim: yet certainly, had he been able, he would have done. 75 Examples of institutes of consecrated life are the Benedictines, the Carmelites, the Dominicans, the Franciscans, the Missionaries of Charity, the Legionaries of Christ and the Sisters of Mercy. In considering this point, it will be well to begin with the third century, when references to it become frequent, and work backwards from this point. 351 352 After violations of the 1933 Reichskonkordat between the church and Nazi Germany, Pope Pius XI issued the 1937 encyclical Mit brennender Sorge, which publicly condemned the Nazis' persecution of the church and their ideology of neo-paganism and racial superiority. 323 Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation Main articles: Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation In 1415, Jan Hus was burned at the stake for heresy, but his reform efforts encouraged Martin Luther, an Augustinian monk in Germany, who sent his Ninety-Five Theses to several bishops in 1517. In 380 the Edict of Thessalonica made Nicene Christianity the state church of the Roman Empire, a position that within the diminishing territory of the Byzantine Empire would persist until the empire itself ended in the fall of Constantinople. Retrieved "Code of Canon Law: Book I General Norms (16. 216 In the past some of the rites used by the Eastern Catholic Churches were subject to a degree of liturgical Latinisation. 148 151 Catholics, even if they were in danger of death and unable to approach a Catholic minister, may not ask for the sacraments of the Eucharist, penance or anointing of the sick from someone, such. Canonization allows universal veneration of the saint in the liturgy of the Roman Rite ; for permission to venerate merely locally, only beatification is needed. 378 Mikhail Gorbachev, the president of the Soviet Union, credited the Polish pope with hastening the fall of Communism in Europe. 'The Christian faithful are therefore not permitted to imagine that the Church of Christ is nothing more than a collectiondivided, yet in some way oneof Churches and ecclesial communities ; nor are they free to hold that today the.